Anantapuramu Municipal Corporation is 1stthlargest ULB in the Anantapuramu district of A.P. it is spread over an area of 16.35 Sq.Kms. with a population of 263898 (2011 census)..
Anantapuramu town is the Headquarters of the district. Its geographical co-ordinates are LAT 14º 68’ N and LONG 77º 60’ E. Anantapuramu city is 354 km away from Capital Hyderabad, 200 km from the neighboring state’s capital of Bangalore. Anantapuramu connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway-44. Bangalore International Airport is the nearest international Airport to Anantapuramu.
There are no zones/and 50 election wards in this Corporation.
Climate and Rainfall
Anantapuramu town is situated in hot humid region. The climate is very hot during the summer at 50°C in May and it is pleasant in the winter at 21°C. The average annual rainfall is 520 mm. Rainfall data for 30 years is obtained from the Indian Metrological Department, Pune and analysis of the data was done for adopting the maximum rainfall intensity in the designs of storm water drains.
According to the 2011 census Anantapuramu district has a population of 4,083,315, this gives it a ranking of 52nd in India (out of a total of 640) and 7th in its state. The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.16% it has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.28%.
The environmental infrastructure in the slums is very poor and most slums lack basic civil amenities like proper roads, drainage, protected water supply, streetlights and toilet facilities. Studies show that the most common diseases prevalent in slums include gastro-enteritis, Malaria, diarrhea, malnutrition, ringworm etc. To over come these health problems, the health department runs one maternity hospitals and 5 urban health centers. The health deptt. Has also started reproductive child health project and it is being implemented through NGO’s. There are also government dispensaries, which are visited by the poor, There is NO need to strengthen health infrastructure.
Out of the population of 263898 population of the town, 74964 are living notified, non-notified slums and poor areas. Majority of them are leading their life as daily wage labourers, under employed labourers, seasonal labourers etc. At present there are 64poor settlements in the town, out of which 43are notified and 21non notified slums.. The condition of living environment like roads, drainage facilities, housing, electricity , basic education, health are not bad but definitely needs improvement. Their participation in Government programmes like Janmma Bhoomi Programme, Clean & Green, Family Planning , Adult Education etc is immensely good, in fact they are the back bones to any kind of programme of the Government.
History & Culture
Anantapuramu offers some vivid glimpses of the prehistoric past. It is generally held that the place got its name from 'Anaatasagaram' , a big tank, which means "Endless Ocean". The villages of Anaantasagaram and Bukkarayasamudram were constructed by Chilkkavodeya, the minister of Bukka-I, a Vijayanagar ruler. Some authorities assert that Anaantasagaram was named after Bukka's queen, while some contend that it must have been known after Anantarasa Chikkavodeya himself, as Bukka had no queen by that name.
Anantapuramu is familiarly known as "Hande Anantapuram" . ' Hande ' means chief of the Vijayanagar period. Anantapuramu and a few other places were gifted by the Vijayanagar rulers to Hanumappa Naidu of the Hande family.
The place subsequently came under the Qutub Shahis, Mughals, and the Nawabs of Cuddapah, although the Hande chiefs continued to rule as their subordinates. It was occupied by the Palergar of Bellary during the time of Ramappa but was eventually won back by his son, Siddappa. Morari Rao Ghorpade attacked Anantapuramu in 1757. Though the army resisted for some time, Siddappa ultimately bought off the enemy for Rs.50,000.
It then came into the possession of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. Tipu hanged all the male members of the Siddappa family except Siddappa who escaped from his confinement at Srirangapatnam. After Tipu's death, it was once again taken back by Siddappa. Siddappa submitted himself to Nizam because of the treaty of 1799, who took the total control of the area. He was later pensioned off when British occupied the territory.